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东部和南部非洲共同市场

来源:本站原创;发表于:2015-10-18;人气指数:455

东部和南部非洲共同市场(COMESA)
    东南非洲共同市场成立于1994年12月,前身为早在1981年就成立的特惠贸易区(PTA)。东南非洲共同市场(正如其条约所定义)是由具有独立主权的国家组成的组织,意在通过国家间的合作,使自然资源和人力资源得到充分合理的利用,为国民谋福利。此外,在其一系列目标中,促进地区的和平与安全是首要任务。然而,结合东南非共同市场在经济方面的历史和背景来看,它主要着眼于形成一个大的经济贸易联合体以克服单个国家难以克服的障碍。东南非共同市场当前的策略可以概括为:“通过区域一体化实现经济繁荣”。凭借着19个成员国,超过3.89亿的人口,约320亿美元的年进口额和820亿美元的年出口额,东南非共同市场在进出口贸易中占据了不可小觑的一席。从非洲大陆的版图上可以清楚地看到,东南非共同市场覆盖了1200万平方公里的地理区域。迄今为止,它已经取得了非常显著的成就。
Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa
    Common Market for Eastern And Southern Africa(COMESA) was established in December 1994 and was formed to replace the former Preferential Trade Area (PTA) which had existed from the earlier days of 1981. COMESA (as defined by its Treaty) was established as an organization of free independent sovereign states which have agreed to co-operate in developing their natural and human resources for the good of all their people and as such it has a wide-ranging series of objectives which necessarily include in its priorities the promotion of peace and security in the region. However, due to COMESA's economic history and background its main focus is on the formation of a large economic and trading unit that is capable of overcoming some of the barriers that are faced by individual states. COMESA's current strategy can thus be summed up in the phrase 'economic prosperity through regional integration. With its 19 member states, population of over 389 million and annual import bill of around US$32 billion with an export bill of US$82 billion COMESA forms a major market place for both internal and external trading. Its area is impressive on the map of the African Continent covering a geographical area of 12 Million (sq km). Its achievements to date have been significant.

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